Tuesday, December 28, 2010

GAIA Intervention at the 58th CDM Exective Board Meeting 26.11.10

The 58th CDM EB Meeting was held in Cancun from 23-26 November 2010. Being already there, it was a good chance to do an intervention and put forward some sharpened questions on GAIA's and CDM Watch's behalf. Hope you enjoy.
You can also watch it here.
My name is Mariel Vilella and I represent the Global Alliance for Incinerator Alternatives, a worldwide network of more than 600 organizations in 89 countries working for a just, toxics-free world without incineration. Some of our member groups are wastepicker organizations; you

Tuesday, December 21, 2010

Expo Catadores 2010

Watch Expocatadores 2010, Live broadcasts

Dec. 21 - 23, 2010

São Paulo, Brazil

(Transmissão aovivo; Transmisión en vivo)

Monday, December 13, 2010

The Tangled Web of Waste

Published in ECO ISSUE NO 10 VOLUME CXXVII December 9th, 2010

Once again, the United Nations Environment Programme has done its homework in Cancun. The newly published study Waste and Climate Change: Global Trends and Strategy Framework presents a comprehensive approach to waste reduction and recycling that takes into account the environmental and social impacts of landfill gas systems (LFG) and waste incineration.

But at the same time, the new report raises concern. There is an apparent double standard between what the report says and what the UNEP´s Risoe Centre of Analysis is actually supporting. Unfortunately, the Centre´s head insisted on promoting waste-to-energy technologies in the CDM pipeline at a press conference to launch the report held earlier this week.

Thursday, December 9, 2010

Sushila Speaks

Sushila Sable has represented waste pickers at two international climate conferences - in Copenhagen in December 2009 and in Tianjin China in October 2010.  In this post written by Maitreyi Shankar , Sushila speaks about the experience of traveling abroad for the first time and how it feels to represent waste pickers globally.
(photo by Gigie Cruz)

As I stepped into the aircraft, I could hear my heart pounding. With each step down the aisle, I was reminded of everything I had to go through to get the documents that got me onto this flight. The humourous sides—when I mistook a passport for a bank passbook… the long hours I had to wait at the passport office… the explanations… mixed reactions from the family… For a fleeting second, I heard some instrumental music playing somewhere in the background. “Why would someone like you need a tatkal passport?” The tune sounded familiar… It was soon overpowered by the resounding voice of the passport officer—“you have to submit your marriage certificate…Or at least a photograph of the two of you together taken at the time of your wedding.”  I was livid that I needed this sanction to travel abroad; the sanction of a man whom I had not met in the past 25 years… a man who had thrown his pregnant wife out of the house a few months after the wedding.  I could live with the idea of not travelling abroad but not with the humiliation of having to ask him for photographs and certificates of a time I did not want to remember.  A well meaning official in the bureaucracy got my passport through.

A smiling airhostess guided me to my seat. I sat down and fumbled with the seat belt, displaying both nerves and my unfamiliarity with the situation.  A kind co- passenger helped me buckle up and told me I could ask him for anything on the way. Jyotitai’s son had made me many placards—all bilingual—to be used during my flight.  I was relieved that I might not have to use those cards anymore.  

Tuesday, December 7, 2010

waste pickers send greetings from Brazil

Waste pickers from the MNCR send greetings from Belo Horizonte. Eliana, from ASMARE saw what is a blog from the first time by visiting the Waste Pickers and Climate Change. She said " it´s very cool to see all these people struggling together"

Catadores do MNCR enviam saudações de BH. Eliana da ASMARE viu um blog pela primeira vez ao visitar o blog "Catadores e mudança climática". Ela disse "é muito bacana ver toda essa gente lutando juntos".

Gilberto and Mateus both regional MNCR leaders saw the blog. Mateus spoke of his difficulties to assess it because he does not have a PC at home and at the computer they had at his cooperative was stolen by robbers who invaded their warehouse.
Gilberto e Mateus líderes do MNCR em Minas viram o blog. Mateus falou de suas dificuldades de assessar o mesmo pois ele não em um computador em casa e o da cooperativa foi roubado por ladrões que invadiram o galpão.

life testimony - Madalena Duarte -Brazil

Last Friday I spoke with Madalena Duarte about her life and struggles and this is her message to the Cancun delegation:

"I am a waste picker since the age of 7. At that time I was a street vendor - I sold biscuits and cakes made by my mom. Out of curiousity one day I asked Dona Barbara, a next door neighbour, why she came back home everyday with a pile of cardboard. She told me then she made a living out of collecting recyclables. I then reasoned that this could be a good idea for me to help out my mom and this is how I began to work at the open dump in Itaúna.

I left the open dump at the age of 37 in 1999 to be the one of the founders of the waste pickers association COOPERT with 23 other pickers. We have a good partnership with the municipality since our foundation. The municipality collects the materials and takes them to a recycling warehouse where we work. The municipality hired this building and we have an agreement to use this building. In the beginning the municipality paid all the bills for the maintenance of this warehouse but slowly we managed to earn enough to pay for some of our own bills. The municipality is building a proper warehouse which will be ours.

I am at the MNCR since its foundation and today I am one of its representative at LAWPN. In my state, Minas Gerais, we are discussing and trying to understand how waste pickers can find a niche in the solid waste systems and not loose a livelihood. We are struggling for payment for environmental services. We have some cities that are already doing this such as Londrina, Araxá, Brumadinho.....

I want to send my greetings to the Cancun delegation,

Madalena Duarte - COOPERT- MNCR Minas Gerais"

Monday, December 6, 2010

Recyclers Tout Benefits of Their Trade at Cancún Summit

Excerpt from IPS article on waste pickers at COP 16

Recyclers Tout Benefits of Their Trade at Cancún Summit
By Emilio Godoy

Ezequiel Estay began collecting glass bottles in 1991 after losing his job with the Chilean media conglomerate Copesa. Now, years later, he heads Chile's National Movement of Recyclers and is a leader of the Latin American Recyclers' Network, which is questioning the climate benefits of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM).

"We are in the first part in the chain; we are the solution for waste management. First is to prevent garbage production, then come reduce and recycle, and, finally, disposal," Estay told TerraViva.

The Chilean organisation is part of a global movement of solid waste collectors who separate out materials to supply the recycling industry with paper, plastic, glass and aluminium.

At the 16th Conference of Parties (COP 16) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), under way in the Mexican resort city of Cancún, the recyclers are voicing opposition to the CDM projects being implemented at garbage dumps to capture greenhouse-effect gases.

They are also calling for the creation of an international fund of immediate access for local communities engaged in recycling practices.

The goal of the CDM, established under the Kyoto Protocol on climate change, is to offset greenhouse gas emissions in industrialised nations by allowing their governments and companies to invest in emission-reduction projects in developing countries.

The countries of the industrialised North thus obtain Certificates of Emissions Reduction (CERs) that can be counted in their favour as if they were in fact reducing their own national carbon emissions.

The Kyoto Protocol, in force since 2005, requires the industrialised nations that ratified it to reduce their emissions by 2012 an average of 5.2 percent below their 1990 emissions.

"There are no public policies that recognise the recyclers' social and environmental contributions. The (CDM) initiatives tend to displace our work," Silvio Ruiz, of Colombia's National Association of Recyclers, told TerraViva.

Sunday, December 5, 2010

La Alianza se encuentra con pepenadores en México

En el marco de las actividades que la Alianza Global de Recicladores y Aliados se encuentra realizando en la Conferencia de las Partes en Cancún, ayer 4 de diciembre hicimos un recorrido por la comuna aledaña a Cancún, en el Municipio de Tulum. En el lugar tuvimos una reunión con el Municipio y una organización que se encuentran trabajando en un proyecto de relleno sanitario para la ciudad. Hoy Tulum dispone los desechos en un vertedero donde trabajan 35 recicladores.

 En nuestro recorrido compartimos con los encargados del proyecto de relleno sanitario para impulsarlos a buscar un programa de gestión de residuos que incorpore políticas de basura cero y que incluya a los recicladores en dichas políticas.

 Luego visitamos el vertedero donde trabajan los recicladores (pepenadores) donde la Alianza compartió su experiencia y el trabajo que se encuentra desarrollando en el marco de la Conferencia. Quedó el contacto hecho para iniciar el desarrollo de un vínculo concreto con los recicladores de México. 

A estas actividades de vinculación con los programas de residuos locales en México, así como con los recicladores involucrados, se suma un contacto realizado con la organización Si Kanda, de Oaxaca, donde alrededor de 100 familias de recicladores desarrollan programas de trabajo para la promoción y visibilización de su actividad.

 Y ya todos saben, además la Alianza se hizo parte de las demandas locales de Ciudad Juárez, donde un grupo de recicladores fue apresado tras ser desalojado del vertedero donde trabajaba.
 Es una gran alegría haber logrado estos vínculos locales, que han permitido fortalecer la autoestima y las luchas de los recicladores en México, y permitirán fortalecernos como Alianza en nuestras demandas.

por Magdalena Donoso

The Alliance Meets Wastepickers in Mexico
On Monday December 4, as part of the activities that the Global Alliance of Waste Pickers and Allies are undertaking during COP16 in Cancun, we toured the town of Tulum, a community near Cancun.  There we had a meeting with the municipality and an organization that is working on a project for the city landfill.  Today Tulum disposes of waste in a landfill where 35 wastepickers working.

During our journey we shared with those responsible for the landfill project to encourage them to find a waste management program that incorporates zero waste policy and that includes wastepickers in those policies.

 Then we visited the landfill where waste pickers (pepenadores) work.  Here the Alliance shared it’s experience and work that is developed within the framework of the Conference. Contact was made to initiate the development of a concrete link to recyclers in Mexico.

To these outreach activities with local waste programs in Mexico, as well as the recyclers involved, we also made contact with the organization Si Kanda of Oaxaca, where about 100 wastepicker families develop work programs for the promotion and visibility of their work.

 And as everyone knows, the Alliance also became part of the local demands of Ciudad Juarez, where a group of wastepickers was jailed after being evicted from the landfill where they worked.

It feels great to have achieved these local ties, which have allowes for the strengthening of the  self-esteem and struggles of wastepickers in Mexico, and also allows us as the Alliance to strengthen our demands.

Friday, December 3, 2010

Support to the delegation in Cancun from Madalena Duarte

Sou Madalena Duarte cooperada da COOPERT e liderança do MNCR e da Rede Latina de Catadores. Hoje aqui no Brasil hoje os catadores estão passando por um grande desafio também que é a questão da incineração. As grandes empresas de incineração já estão fechando contratos com municipios como Brasília, Unaí. Mas no Brasil os catadores estão sentando com os governos para entender melhor a questão de como a incinerção impacta os catadores. Temos que negociar mais espaços de inclusão dos catadores. A mesma preocupação que o mundo inteiro ´tem para salvar nosso planeta nòs catadores lutamos também para salvar as vidas de pessoas que estão excluídas, sem direito ao trabalho. Nossa sonho no Brasil é poder ter todos os catadores organizados. Abraços a todos da delegação. Madalena Duarte
Madalena Duarte of the COOPERT cooperative and leadership of MNCR and the Latin American Network of Waste Pickers. Today here in Brazil waste pickers (catadores) are facing a major challenge - the issue of incineration. Large companies are already closing incineration contracts with municipalities such as Brasilia, Unai. But in Brazil waste pickers are meeting with governments to better understand the issue of how incineration impacts waste picker. We must negotiate more spaces for the inclusion of waste pickers. The same concern that the whole world has to save our planet, waste pickers have also fought to save the lives of people who are excluded, without the right to work. Our dream in Brazil is having all waste pickers organized. Hugs to all of the delegation. Madalena Duarte.

Thursday, December 2, 2010

Wastepickers Demand a Global Fund and Speak Out Against Incineration / Recicladores exigen fondo global y alertan sobre financiamiento de incineradores.

Cancun - December 2, 2010

The Global Alliance of Wastepickers and Allies, through its representatives from Latin America, South Africa, and India, is in Cancun to speak out against Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects that fund waste incinerators and landfills, causing the displacement of recyclers and their undeniable and historic contribution to greenhouse gas mitigation.

“We call for the creation of a Global Climate Fund that can be directly accessed by recyclers and civil society organizations, in order to promote community-based recycling and resource recovery programs for organics, as well as waste minimization and reuse programs. In contrast with the so-called “waste-to-energy” projects of incinerators and landfills, this would actually mitigate climate change,” explained Exequiel Estay, grassroots recycler from Chile.  He added: “We denounce Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) projects that harm recyclers and their ability to improve their living conditions and increase recycling.  Support for our cause will help to create sustainable economies and green jobs.”

En cada uno de nosotros esta la solución, en nuestras manos

Independientemente del lugar y el momento idioma religión o cultura, el estado social cultural o económico que tengan las personas vivimos bajo un mismo techo el cual estamos agujereando y en cada uno de nosotros esta la solución, en nuestras manos! Y digo nuestras manos muy orgullosamente por estar trabajando por dar una mejor calidad de vida a los que están solucionando el problema de casi la mayoría, como es el manejo de residuos. Aparte de alternativa económica de subsistencia para muchas personas, es una alternativa para todos para la vida misma. Estoy en la cop16, en Cancún México, defendiendo el fondo global directo hacia los recicladores y rechazando el financiamiento hacia soluciones falsas como son los incineradores. Desde costa rica trabajo con un programa de reciclaje en el cual para mi organización de mujeres Asofamisae ha sido todo un reto en la parte económica. Y esto que contamos dichosamente con el apoyo logistico de recoleccion y divulgacion nuestro proyecto hubiese sido un fracaso. Es por esto que de contar con este fondo tendríamos dentro del país, este y otros proyectos de reciclaje de igual interés con un futuro mejor.
Marlen Chacon

Excerpt from "Respect for Recyclers" a GAIA publication

While municipally-run recycling systems are commonplace in industrialized countries, in the developing world, most recycling is done by wastepickers. Wastepickers are self-employed workers, mostly in the informal economy, who retrieve reusable and recyclable items from the waste stream. 

Wastepickers collect, sort, clean and in some cases, process the recyclables, returning them to industry as an inexpensive and lowcarbon raw material. In doing so, wastepickers relieve the public authority of much of the expense of waste management and lengthen the lifespan of landfills. 

Recycling provides a livelihood to approximately 15 million people worldwide – 1% of the urban population in the developing world. Wastepickers can be incredibly efficient recyclers, achieving recycling rates higher than 80% in places where they handle organic material, such as Cairo. 

Yet, in spite of their efforts, much municipal waste around the world is not effectively recycled. Wastepickers thus represent a huge opportunity to reduce GHG emissions through increased recycling rates, if given the proper recognition and support.

Read the entire publication:

Excerpt from Giles Parkinson of the Business Spectator....

What do we want?! When do we want it?!

The first demonstration was held inside the Moon Palace today, with a dozen or so waste collectors from South American countries, India and Africa protesting against waste projects funded by the UN’s Clean Development Mechanism. The CDM is designed to bring investment in emissions abatement projects in developing countries, but the Global Alliance of Waste Pickers and Allies complains that its members were losing their jobs because of the emergence of huge landfills and waste incinerators, and families that made their living – or even lived – on large rubbish tips were being moved and disenfranchised.

The entire article can be found here:CLIMATE SPECTATOR: Cancun calling – one small step

Photos provided by Lucia Fernandez.
For Immediate Release
30 November 2010

Wastepickers Offer a Solution to Climate Change
Decry Waste-to-Energy and Privatisation

As the world’s environment ministers convene a UN meeting in Mexico to address climate change, leaders of the Alliance of Indian Wastepickers (AIW) gathered in Chennai to offer their own solution to climate change and decry false solutions such as “waste-to-energy”. The leaders warned that two such “Refuse Derived Fuel” (RDF) plants are proposed for Chennai; if implemented, these plants would displace wastepickers, thus reducing recycling, increasing unemployment and increasing greenhouse gas emissions, all while adding costs to the public. They warned that these plants are part of a national trend towards privatising waste management, resulting in higher costs, loss of livelihoods, and worse environmental outcomes. Ministers should instead look to the wastepickers to solve problems of waste and climate change.

“We, the wastepickers, are actually India’s recycling system,” said K. Satyabhama from Aakar in Mumbai. “Our work reduces greenhouse gas emissions and climate change, but we are not given credit for our contribution.” A new report, “Respect for Recyclers: Protecting the Climate through Zero Waste” outlines the beneficial impacts of recycling: preserving forests, reducing energy use, less mining and oil drilling, and providing industry a low-cost, low-carbon source of raw materials. The reduction in greenhouse gas emissions is at least 3.5 times that offered by any alternative. However, this contribution by wastepickers is not given recognition nor support.

“When we get the support of local bodies, we can do much more,” added Chaya Sontake from the Swachh Cooperative in Pune. “Wastepickers in Pune and Mumbai have successfully implemented composting and biogas systems that provide valuable resources and eliminate the problem of methane emissions from dumps.” Methane is an extremely powerful greenhouse gas emitted from dumpsites by organic (wet) waste decomposing under uncontrolled conditions. Wastepickers in these cities have solved the methane problem by setting up composting and biogas systems. Since organic/wet waste is the largest component of municipal waste, this also drastically reduces the cost of waste management to the municipality.

Throughout India, wastepickers are trying to improve their own lives while solving local waste management problems and addressing climate change. But they face apathy, disrespect and worse.

“Instead of helping the wastepickers to expand our work, CDM and MNRE are supporting false solutions such as RDF,” said Kohinoor of the All-India Kabari Mazdoor Mahasangh, Delhi. CDM (Clean Development Mechanism), the UN body which oversees the global carbon market, is supporting various waste-to-energy schemes such as the two RDF plants planned for Chennai. These plants burn waste, creating even more greenhouse gas emissions and toxic pollution. Since wet waste does not burn well, they also burn recyclable waste, which means they compete directly with the wastepickers and reduce their earnings. “It makes no sense that these companies are supported by schemes which are supposed to be benefit the environment,” continued Kohinoor.

These are the messages that three AIW delegates are taking to an international audience in Cancun, Mexico this week. “Our delegates are addressing the international climate change negotiators to demand recognition and support for wastepickers’ work and an end to international subsidies for ‘waste-to-energy’ plants,” said Nalini Shekar of AIW.

The Alliance of Indian Wastepickers is a national alliance of 33 organisations working with wastepickers and itinerant buyers towards securing their right to livelihood and inclusion in the mainstream waste management systems. The member organisations are working in Bihar, Delhi, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, and West Bengal.

The report “Respect for Recyclers: Protecting the Climate through Zero Waste” is available online .
More information about wastepickers and climate change is available on the blog.

Press coverage:

Times of India

The Hindu

Wastepickers and Climate Change workshop in Chennai

Timed to coincide with the UNFCCC climate change conference in Cancun, and GAIA's 9th Global Day of Action, GAIA and the Alliance of Indian Wastepickers held a two day workshop in the city of Chennai on the 29th and 30th of November on Climate and Waste.

Wastepickers from 5 cities participated in the workshop. The workshop was aimed at introducing the participants to the science and politics of climate change and the basic policies and institutions. The modules, which were a combination of interactive games, visuals and teaching, were designed by 9 activists/trainers from 6 organisations. We aim at developing a comprehensive modules towards the end of 2011 through 3 more trainings at various cities.

A press conference was held on the last day to highlight the concerns of livelihood security in the context of two waste management (RDF) proposals in the city of Chennai and also to showcase successful models from Pune and Mumbai.

Wednesday, December 1, 2010

Global Alliance of Waste Pickers and Allies Recognize GAIA Day of Action: Call for Freedom of Jailed Mexican Waste Pickers.

The Global Alliance of Wastepickers and Allies denounced the situation of 15 wastepickers (pepenadores) in México, who were arrested on November 25 in Ciudad Juarez after protesting a dumpsite closure that would leave 200 wastepicker families without livelihoods.  They also protest a contract that was recently signed to close a major dumpsite in México City, named ‘Bordo Poniente,’ where now there are 1,500 families that live from the collection, sorting and recycling of waste. “How is it possible that we recycle here in Cancún and at the same time terrible things happen outside? For some, recycling here in México is treated as a crime,” said Eduardo Perez, grassroots recycler (clasificador) from Uruguay.
Josefat Flores Montiel, from Apaxco, México, gave his testimony as a victim of incineration. “We call for an end to the burning of toxic waste by the Holcim Company, and the closure of its affiliate plant Ecoltec. The company has caused the death of workers, skin, and genetic problems. They call this waste-to-energy but it is neither a real nor clean development solution.”  
"Zero Waste has significant climate benefits by conserving resources, saving energy, and cutting greenhouse gas emissions," said Mariel Villela, Climate Campaigner from GAIA (Global Anti-Incinerator Alliance/Global Alliance for Incineration Alternatives). “At the same time, zero waste creates jobs and strengthens economies.”  GAIA comprises over 650 members from 92 countries, and cites toxic pollution, livelihood development, greenhouse gas emissions, and high costs of incineration among the reasons for shifting to zero waste approaches.

The Global Alliance of Wastepickers and Allies expressed hope that governments will create a Global Climate Fund with direct access for workers and communities, stop trashing the climate, and respect the work of wastepickers and their resource recovery projects.

environmental agents

Waste pickers of the world and their allies are fighting to save our planet in Cancun. Working most often without public support these informal workers are responsible for high rates of recycling in most developing countries. Over the next days we will be sharing here some personal stories and the struggles of some of these environmental agents. Stay with us, Sonia Dias

Catadores do mundo inteiro e seus aliados estão em Cancun lutando para salvar nosso planeta. Trabalhando em sua maioria sem suporte público estes trabalhadores informais são os responsáveis pelos altos índices de reciclagem na maiorias dos países em desenvolvimento. Nos próximos dias estaremos compartilhando algumas histórias de vida e luta de alguns desses agents ambientais. Siga-nos aqui, Sonia Dias

Text from Address by Silvio Ruiz to the SBSTA Plenary at COP16

Spanish - English Follows....

El mundo que están quemando, no es solo el mundo de los ricos, es el mundo en el que todos vivimos, es nuestro mundo. 

La sociedad consciente es la que quedó sobre la tierra: fue el momento en que se tomaron las mejores decisiones para el planeta, sus habitantes y todas las especies; el momento en que se sobrepuso el interés general por sobre de los intereses individuales; el momento en que se desarrolló en toda su capacidad la fuerza para aliviar de raíz el hambre, las enfermedades y el cambio climático.

Ojalá pudiéramos hablar así en el futuro sobre este momento histórico. Y continuaríamos:
Dio la mayor importancia y actuó en base a investigaciones científicas que propusieron soluciones de tecnología limpia en base a las necesidades de las comunidades y los ecosistemas, así como se destinaron los recursos suficientes para mitigar los devastadores efectos del calentamiento global, sin mercantilizar la naturaleza sino dotándola de derechos.

Fomentó las organizaciones de base en todos los sectores populares e indígenas para la búsqueda y promoción de soluciones locales y comunitarias con tecnología apropiada para mejorar la vida de todos y todas.

Dicha civilización reconoció el aporte ambiental histórico de  los 20 millones de Recicladores Populares y del Reciclaje social, por sobre la incineración y el enterramiento.

Fue aquella sociedad en que las vidas de todos vibraron a un mismo ritmo, como si estuviesen conectadas por finos hilos; al romperse una se rompían todas, y de salvarse una, todas las vidas se salvaban. 

¿Es esta la oportunidad del planeta? ¿Serán ustedes esos líderes que reconocerá la humanidad futura?  ¿Es ahora el momento?  La historia dará cuenta de ello.

~ Silvio Ruiz

The world that they are burning is not just the world of the rich. It’s the world where we all live – it’s our world.

An aware society is what is left on earth: there was a moment in which they made the best decisions for the planet, its living beings and all its species; the moment in which the common good was put before individual interests; the moment in which every effort was made to alleviate hunger, illness and climate change at their root.

If only we could speak this way in the future about this historic moment. We would continue:
This civilization recognized the historic environmental contribution of 20 million grassroots recyclers, over incineration and landfills. It supported community organizations from all popular and indigenous sectors in looking for and promoting local solutions and appropriate technologies to improve the lives of all.

It provided sufficient resources to mitigate the devastating effects of climate change, and responded to the call for climate justice, including a balanced response to adaptation, mitigation, financial, and technology needs, without turning nature into merchandise but rather respecting its rights.

This society valued and acted on the base of scientific investigations that called for the immediate reduction of emissions, in the context of a just and fair negotiation process; recognizing the historic responsibility of industrialized countries and their climate debt with the rest of the planet.

It was this society, in which the lives of all moved to the same beat, as if they were connected by fine threads; and by breaking one all would break, and by saving one, all lives would be saved. 

Is this the opportunity for our planet? Will you be those leaders that future humans will recognize?  Is now that moment?  Only history will tell.
~ Silvio Ruiz